Remembering the Ludlow Massacre of 1914 for National Miners’ Day, December 6th

Blood Passion: The Ludlow Massacre and Class War in the American West by Scott Martelle (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press. 2007)  recounts the events that led to the Ludlow Massacre, the culminating battle of the 1913–1914 Colorado coal miners’ strike. For several months preceding the massacre, union organizers from the United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) traveled throughout southern Colorado to organize a strike by the mine workers of the Rockefeller family’s Colorado Fuel & Iron Company (CF&I) to protest better working and living conditions.  In September 1913 the coal miners agreed to strike after CF&I refused to meet with the UMWA to discuss their grievances. Shortly thereafter, the coal miners and their families were evicted from their company housing and a tent colony, consisting of 1,100 miners and their families, was established by the UMWA on vacant land near the mines in the Town of Ludlow.  

By the spring of 1914, strike-related tensions between the miners and CF&I escalated to the point that the National Guard was called in to contain the situation.  On April 20, 1914 a full-scale battle erupted between the strikers and the National Guard at the Ludlow tent city killing several people, including women and children, during the course of the battle.  

For his book, Scott Martelle, researched the Lamont Montgomery Bowers Papers, held in the University Libraries’ Special Collections.  Bowers, a native of Binghamton, N.Y.,  managed CF&I.  After the massacre, an investigation ensued into the coal strike and CF&I’s role.  Of all of those involved, from the National Guard to the owners and company  management, Lamont Montgomery Bowers was the only one to be held accountable for the violence.  As a result, Bowers was quietly removed from the company and returned to Binghamton, never coming to terms with being Rockefeller’s scapegoat.

This book is available to read in Binghamton University Libraries’ Special Collections.  To learn more about Bowers’ connection to the Ludlow Massacre and the Colorado Fuel & Iron Company, visit Special Collections to examine the Lamont Montgomery Bowers Papers, or go to the finding aid online at

Special Collections is located on the second floor of the Glenn G. Bartle Library (off of the North Reading Room). Our hours are Monday – Friday, 10:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.


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Veterans Day is November 11th

Glenn G. Bartle in Navy Uniform

Photograph of Glenn G. Bartle in Naval Uniform, circa 1945
Glenn G. Bartle Papers

Glenn G. Bartle, first president of Harpur College, was commissioned as a Lieutenant in the U.S. Navy and served from 1942-45. He was appointed Commanding Officer of a V-12 Naval Unit at Swarthmore College. In addition to American troops, he also trained 49 Chinese naval officers. Bartle formed close ties with some of the Chinese officers, visiting several while on a trip to Asia after he retired. Bartle was awarded the Order of the Yun Hui (Cloud Banner). A medal and framed certificate were issued by Chiang Kai-shek on July 27, 1946. The photograph, medal and certificate are on view until February 1, 2019 in the exhibit Glenn G. Bartle: His Life and Legacy in Special Collections.

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Glenn G. Bartle exhibit now on view in Special Collections

Glenn G. Bartle, for whom the library building at Binghamton University was renamed 40 years ago, was a geologist, professor and college administrator. In the 1950s, he became president of Harpur College, which then became SUNY at Binghamton in 1965.
Bartle was instrumental in the development of what has become a preeminent public university. An exhibit on view until February 1, 2019 in Special Collections examines his early training and career as a geologist, his expanding roles in higher education, and the transformative years during which he led the campus and academic programs at the university into new realms. An auxiliary exhibit outside of Special Collections surveys the development of what is now the Glenn G. Bartle Library.

Special Collections is located on the second floor of the Glenn G. Bartle Library (off of the North Reading Room). Our hours are Monday-Friday, 10 a.m.-4 p.m.

The exhibit was curated by Joe Schill, Special Collections graduate intern, and Yvonne Deligato, University Archivist. The poster was designed by Ben Coury, University Libraries’ Digital Web Designer.

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October greetings from Special Collections!

New York Bat and Hoary Bat from American Natural History, V. 1, by John D. Godman, Philadelphia: Stoddart and Atherton, 1831.

“The singular structure and habits of the Bat have long since afforded the poets an emblem of darkness and terror, and induced them to consecrate this creature to Proserpine, their queen of Hades. … it is by no means allowable for students of natural history to forget that all beings must live in conformity to the laws of their organization, that the perfection of every species is relative to the situtation in which it exists, and that our notions of beauty and deformity are neither true tests of the excellence nor importance of any inferior animal” – John D. Godman in American Natural History, Volume 1 (1831).

Born in Annapolis, Maryland, John Davidson Godman (1794-1830) was a physician and naturalist.  A member of the Philadelphia Academy naturalists and a teacher of medical students, he endeavored to write his own survey of mammals, American Natural History, which he wrote between 1823 and 1828.

Portrait of John D. Godman drawn by C.G. Childs.


In From A Memoir of . . . Dr. John D. Godman (Philadelphia, 1859), Thomas Sewell, M.D., wrote: “He came to the study of natural history as an investigator of facts, and not as a pupil of the schools; his great aim being to learn the instincts, the structure, and the habits of all animated beings. This science was a favourite pursuit, and he devoted himself to it with indefatigable zeal. He has been heard to say that, in investigating the habits of the shrew mole, he walked many hundred miles. His powers of observation were quick, patient, keen, and discriminating: it was these qualities that made him so admirable a naturalist.”

In the last year of his life, as he was dying from tuberculosis, he wrote a number of nature essays for Friend, a Philadelphia weekly, which were collected into a posthumous book entitled Rambles of a Naturalist (1833). He died in Germantown, Pennsylvania in 1830.

Binghamton University Libraries Special Collections owns volume 1 (incomplete) of the 3 volume set of American Natural History. To explore Godman’s text, visit Special Collections located on the second floor of the Glenn G. Bartle Library (off of the North Reading Room). Our hours are Monday – Friday, 10:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.

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Here, There, and Everywhere: Traveling Through Special Collections

Summer in New York State, 1948, published by the New York State Department of Commerce. Local History Collection.

This past summer, Special Collections was delighted to have Sarah Alender as an intern, who is working toward her MLS at the University of Wisconsin-Milwalkee School of Information Studies.

While here, Sarah was given the opportunity to create an exhibition. Working with Head of Special Collections, Blythe Roveland-Brenton, and Special Collections Librarian, Jean Green, she created “Here, There and Everywhere: Traveling Through Special Collections.” The exhibit features materials from a wide variety of collections including the Local History Collection, the Tilly Losch Collection, the National/International Postcard Collection and the Haggerty Collection. The materials displayed provide the opportunity to travel the world during different eras without ever leaving Special Collections!

With these materials, you are taken on a voyage, first traveling within the local area and New York State region, on to the rest of the U.S.,  and then traveling throughout the world.  From Binghamton, New York to Leningrad in the former Soviet Union, and from the 18th century until the turn of the new millennium, it is truly a grand tour.

Die Schweiz: kleiner Reiseführer / herausgegeben von der Schweizerischen Verkehrszentrale Zürich
und Lausanne, 1929.
Max Reinhardt Collection. DQ16 .S35 1929

Please stop into Special Collections to see “Here, There and Everywhere: Traveling Through Special Collections.” You will be surprised where Special Collections materials can take you!

Our hours are Monday – Friday, 10:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m. We are located on the second floor of the Glenn Bartle Library off of the North Reading Room.

The exhibition will be on view through October 12, 2018.

Postcard of the Grand Cascade at Peterhof (Petrodvorets), Leningrad, U.S.S.R., 1966. From the International Postcard Collection.

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Libraries Awarded Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation Grant

The Binghamton University Libraries has been awarded a $15,000 grant from the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation to digitize important scholarship from our Max Reinhardt Archives & Library (Max Reinhardt Collection).

Max Reinhardt (c.1905)


The Max Reinhardt Collection covers major aspects of the life and career of Austrian-born theatrical director and producer Max Reinhardt (1873-1943). Reinhardt was widely recognized as a major creative artist and played a leading role in the transformation of the director as the key figure in theatrical production and the innovative use of new theater technology and experimentation with theater spaces and locales.



The grant provides funding to preserve, digitize and publish online a collection of 132 promptbooks from the collection, which are annotated by the celebrated director himself. The project will make this historical record available to researchers and the public, giving them new perspectives on his work and theater history.

Promptbook page: Annotated printed scripts through which Reinhardt conceived and from which he directed his productions

The Libraries will hire interns to convert the promptbooks into digital files that will be discoverable online via search engines and can be widely shared. The co-principle investigators are Jean Green, Special Collections librarian and David Schuster, director of library technology and Special Collections. The project will be last from May 2018 through April 2019.

The Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation promotes the advancement and perpetuation of humanistic inquiry and artistic creativity by encouraging excellence in scholarship and in the performing arts, and by supporting research libraries and other institutions which transmit our cultural heritage.

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Not interested in Pilgrims? Here are some alternative Thanksgiving themed books, music, and poetry to help you survive the holidays

Image result for Conversational Style: Analyzing Talk Among Friends

Conversational style: analyzing talk among friends by Deborah Tannen. New York: Oxford University Press. 2005.

P95. T36 2005,  Alumni Authors Collection, University Archives

This revised edition of Deborah Tannen’s first discourse analysis book, Conversational Style–first published in 1984–presents an approach to analyzing conversation that later became the hallmark and foundation of her extensive body of work in discourse analysis, including the monograph Talking Voices, as well as her well-known popular books You Just Don’t Understand, That’s Not What I Meant!, and Talking from 9 to 5, among others. Carefully examining the discourse of six speakers over the course of a two-and-a-half hour Thanksgiving dinner conversation, Tannen analyzes the features that make up the speakers’ conversational styles, and in particular how aspects of what she calls a ‘high-involvement style’ have a positive effect when used with others who share the style, but a negative effect with those whose styles differ.  This revised edition includes a new preface and an afterword in which Tannen discusses the book’s place in the evolution of her work. Conversational Style is written in an accessible and non-technical style that should appeal to scholars and students of discourse analysis (in fields like linguistics, anthropology, communication, sociology, and psychology) as well as general readers fascinated by Tannen’s popular work. This book is an ideal text for use in introductory classes in linguistics and discourse analysis.

Donovan, H.P. Lovecraft, Mother Earth:  Thanksgiving weekend, Fillmore Auditorium, Nov. 23-25, Winterland Ballroom, Glenn Mckay’s Headlights by Nicholas Kouninos. 1967.

ML3534. K66 1967, Center for the Study of the 1960s Collection

Poster from a concert held in San Francisco just after the end of the Summer of Love.  The color poster measures 54 x 36 cm.

The Fire Music by Liz Rosenberg. Pittsburgh, PA : University of Pittsburgh Press.  1986.

PS3568. O7874 F57 1986 Faculty Authors Collection, Faculty Archives

Liz Rosenberg is faculty member at Binghamton, and this book is her first full-length collection.  It won the Agnes Lynch Starrett Prize for 1985.  The work contains poems that deal with children, holidays, nature, the past, marriage, aging, mortality, travel, dreams, and memories.  The great theme of the book is mourning, and an elegiac tone runs through it from the dedication onward.

New England holidays:  a symphony. New York, NY.:  CBS Masterworks, p1988.

This performance was recorded at the Medinah Temple in Chicago, Illinois.  It was preformed by the Chicago Symphony Orchestra with Michael Tilson Thomas as the conductor.  The contents of the CD include:  New England holidays, Washington’s Birthday, Decoration Day and Thanskgiving.

CBS MK42381, The Conole Archive, Special Collections

And, if you need MORE Thanksgiving poetry, here’s yet another opus on the topic.


Thanksgiving in poetry: poems /  chosen by a committee of the Carnegie Library School Association.  New York : H.W. Wilson Co. 1923.

PN6110. T6 T46 1923,  Rare Book Collection

All of these materials are available for viewing or for listening in the Special Collections and University Archives department which is located on the second floor of the Bartle Library.  The department is open from 10:00 am to 4:00 pm, Monday – Friday, but not on Thanksgiving!

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Tracing the Origins of the Plimoth Pilgrims: Leyden, The Netherlands — the Pilgrims’ Home for Twelve Years (1608-1620)

Leiden (Netherlands). Archives.: Leyden Documents Relating to the Pilgrim Fathers.  Leyden:  E.J. Brill. 1920.

The Pilgrims, the religious sect known as the Separatists, and who later established the Plimoth colony, sailed from England to the Netherlands in 1608.  They settled in several cities in Dutch cities: Amsterdam, The Hague, Leyden (Leiden) and Antwerp, but Leyden was the major center of aggregation.

Despite the passage of time, it is possible to determine with a high level of certainty the individual Pilgrims, male and female, who emigrated to the Netherlands and their English origins.  The list of the Mayflower passengers exists as do lists of later emigrants, but determining the actual Pilgrims who lived in Leyden (and elsewhere in Holland) during those 12 years, where they came from, how they were related, and what were their occupations is rather limited and difficult to find in the English historical documents. However, such vital documentation pertaining to the members of these Pilgrim communities is available in the Dutch Betrothal Books.

From Leyden documents relating to the Pilgrim fathers (1920). Folio XVII, the marriage of William Bradford (first Governor of the Plymouth Colony, serving intermittently between 1621 and 1657) to Dorothy May, entered Nov. 15, 1613.

The Pilgrims did not believe marriage was a sacrament, and did not marry in front of a clergyman, but instead in front of a local magistrate or bailiff.  Fortunately for the Pilgrims, in Holland, couples also were married in civil ceremonies by either one of these local officials.  And, to these officials, prospective brides and grooms had to provide the following information:  their own baptismal names, the baptismal name of his/her father, their occupations, their places of residences, their home land or origins, consent of the parents, and one or two witnesses.  All of this information was recorded in the Betrothal Records for each town.  Moreover, other Dutch records relating to the Pilgrims such as permission to reside in certain cities can be found in archives in the various cities.

If you are on a genealogical search of your ancestors, interested in learning some Pilgrim trivia for the Thanksgiving dinner table, or just like studying historical documents, this book of facsimiles is for you!  It is available for viewing in the Special Collections and University Archives department which is located on the second floor of the Bartle Library.  The department is open from 10:00 am to 4:00 pm, Monday – Friday.

Leiden (Netherlands). Archives.: Leyden Documents Relating to the Pilgrim Fathers.  Leyden:  E.J. Brill. 1920.

Call Number:  **F68. L68. Rare Book Collection, Double Oversized.

This issue is limited to four hundred copies of which the University Libraries owns an unnumbered copy.


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Origins of the Plimoth Plantation Pilgrims

Title page from The American Pilgrim’s Way in England to Home and Memorials… by Marcus Bourne Huish. London: Fine Art Society. 1907

Harvest festival observed by the Pilgrims at Plymouth  Americans trace the Thanksgiving holiday to a 1621 celebration at the Plymouth Plantation, where the settlers held a harvest feast after a successful growing season. Autumn or early winter feasts continued sporadically in later years, first as an impromptu religious observance and later as a civil tradition.  Squanto, a Patuxet Native American who resided with the Wampanoag tribe, taught the Pilgrims how to catch eel and grow corn and served as an interpreter for them. Squanto had learned the English language during his enslavement in England. The Wampanoag leader Massasoit had given food to the colonists during the first winter when supplies brought from England were insufficient.

The Pilgrims celebrated at Plymouth for three days after their first harvest in 1621. The exact time is unknown, but James Baker, the Plimoth Plantation vice president of research, stated in 1996, “The event occurred between Sept. 21 and Nov. 11, 1621, with the most likely time being around Michaelmas (Sept. 29), the traditional time.” Seventeenth-century accounts do not identify this as a Thanksgiving observance, rather it followed the harvest. It included 50 persons who were on the Mayflower (all who remained of the 100 who had landed) and 90 Native Americans. The feast was cooked by the four adult Pilgrim women who survived their first winter in the New World (Eleanor Billington, Elizabeth Hopkins, Mary Brewster, and Susanna White), along with young daughters and male and female servants.

“Pilgrims” are often confused with “Puritans”.  Two colonists gave personal accounts of the 1621 feast in Plymouth. The Pilgrims, most of whom were Separatists (English Dissenters), are not to be confused with Puritans, who established their own Massachusetts Bay Colony on the Shawmut Peninsula (current day Boston).  Both groups were strict Calvinists, but differed in their views regarding the Church of England. Puritans wished to remain in the Anglican Church and reform it, while the Pilgrims wanted complete separation from the church.

Who were the Pilgrims or the Separatists?  The Separatists, or Independents, were English Protestants who occupied the extreme wing of Puritanism. The Separatists were severely critical of the Church of England and wanted to either destroy it or separate from it. Their chief complaint was that too many elements of the Roman Catholic Church had been retained, such as the ecclesiastical courts, clerical vestments, altars and the practice of kneeling. The Separatists were also critical of the lax standards of public behavior, citing widespread drunkenness and the failure of many to keep the Sabbath properly.

Referring to themselves as the Saints, the Separatists believed that they had been elected by God for salvation (see Calvinism) and feared spiritual contamination if they worshiped with those outside of their congregations, often referred to as the Strangers.

In 1608, a community of English separatists decided to escape persecution by moving to Holland, an area long known for its toleration. Dutch society was so welcoming that the Pilgrims, as they had come to be known, eventually feared that they were losing control over their children. In 1620, they set out for a more remote location that would allow them to protect their community. This effort resulted in the founding of Plymouth Colony.

Huish’s book The American Pilgrim’s Way…traces the origins of the  Pilgrim or Separatist founders of the Plimoth Plantation including Captain Miles Standish, John Winthrop, and Thomas Dudley, from their homelands in England (see below) to the shores of modern day Massachusetts.

This volume is an exquisitely decorated art book that contains lavish black and red wood block prints, vintage black and white photographs of English manors, watercolor illustrations of church yards and landscapes, along with facsimiles of historical family specific documents, certificates, and memorials.

If you would like to see this rare book, either to study its art work or read up on your favorite Pilgrim, it is housed in the Special Collections and University Archives department located on the second floor of the Bartle Library.  The department is open from 10:00 am to 4:00 pm, Monday – Friday.

The American pilgrim’s way in England to homes and memorials of the founders of Virginia, the New England States, and Pennsylvania, the Universities of Harvard and Yale, the First President of the United States & other illustrious Americans by Marcus B. Huish; illustrated by Elizabeth M. Chettle.  London:  Fine Art Society. 1907.

Call Number:  **E 188. H9 1907. Rare Book Collection, Double Oversized.

This issue is limited to five hundred copies of which the University Libraries owns No. 1.

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In Flanders Fields

Upper body of a man in a soldier's uniform. He has short dark hair parted in the middle and maintains a neutral expression.

Lieut.-Colonel John McCrae, left, author of the poem “In Flanders Fields” from the book In Flanders Fields and Other Poems (1919).

During the early days of the Second Battle of Ypres during the First World War, a young Canadian artillery officer, Lieutenant Alexis Helmer, was killed on 2nd May, 1915 in the gun positions near Ypres.  An exploding German artillery shell landed near him.  He was serving in the same Canadian artillery unit as a friend of his, the Canadian military doctor and artillery commander Major John McCrae.

As the brigade doctor, John McCrae was asked to conduct the burial service for Alexis because the chaplain had been called away somewhere else on duty that evening. It is believed that later that evening, after the burial, John began the draft for his now famous poem “In Flanders Fields”.

The poem handwritten by McCrae. In this copy, the first line ends with "grow", differing from the original printed version.

In the original, handwritten version, the first line ends with the word “grow” while in the printed version the line ends with “blow.”

In Flanders Fields

In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row,
That mark our place; and in the sky
The larks, still bravely singing, fly
Scarce heard amid the guns below.

We are the Dead.   Short days ago
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
Loved and were loved, and now we lie
In Flanders fields.

Take up our quarrel with the foe:
To you from failing hands we throw
The torch; be yours to hold it high.
If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
In Flanders fields.

On Veteran’s Day and Memorial Day, this poem is often cited at remembrance services and singular poppies are still worn to commemorate the fallen.

Image result for poppy

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